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办好新时代特殊教育,促进残疾儿童更好融入社会生活——教育部基础教育司负责人就《极速快三加强残疾儿童少年义务教育阶段随班就读工作的指导意见》答记者问

发布时间: 2020-07-01 来源:极速快三_官网

  jinri,jiaoyubuyinfale《jisukuaisanjiaqiangcanjiertongshaonianyiwujiaoyujieduansuibanjiudugongzuodezhidaoyijian》(yixiajiancheng《zhidaoyijian》)。jiaoyubujichujiaoyusifuzerenjiuyouguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

  一、近期发布实施的《指导意见》,对新时代进一步加强随班就读工作进行了全面部署,请简要介绍一下《指导意见》出台的背景? 

  da: suibanjiudushicanjiertongshaonianjieshouyiwujiaoyudezhongyaotujing。jinnianlai,anzhaodangzhongyang、guowuyuandejuecebushu,gedidalituijinsuibanjiudugongzuo,jianlileyipiteshujiaoyuziyuanzhongxinheziyuanjiaoshi,jijiluoshiyiwujiaoyusuibanjiuducanjixueshengshengjungongyongjingfei6000yuandebiaozhundinge,qieshijiaqiangshizililiangjianshe,qieshigaijinhetishengguanlishuiping,suibanjiuduziyuanheguimobuduankuoda,jiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangwenbutisheng。danyouyufazhanjieduan,suibanjiudugongzuozhengtishuipingbugao,fazhanbupinghengbuchongfenwentihaibijiaotuchu: yishisuibanjiuduxiangguangongzuojizhibujianquan。zhuyaobiaoxianweicanjiertongshaonianpinggurendingjizhi、jiujinyouxianjiaoyuanzhijizhibuwanshan,duiyucanjihaizishifoushiyisuibanjiuduyijisuibanjiuduanzhixuexiao,yixiejiazhangchiyouyiyi,yingxiangleduicanjihaizidejingzhunanzhi。ershisuibanjiuduziyuanbaozhangtiaojianbuwanshan。zhuyaobiaoxianweiyixiediquziyuanzhongxinheziyuanjiaoshijianshebuzu,duisuibanjiududezhuanyezhichengzuoyongyouxian,yingxianglesuibanjiuduzhiliang。sanshiduisuibanjiuducanjixueshengteshuguanaibugou。zhuyaobiaoxianweihushisuibanjiuduxueshengdeshenxintexinghexuexiguilv,zaisuibanjiuduxueshengkechengjiaoxue、kaoshipingjiadengfangmianquefazhenduixing,daozhisuibanjiuduxueshengxuexizhiliangbugao,chuxian“suibanjiuzuo”“suibanhundu”dexianxiang。sishisuibanjiudujiaoshizhuanyeshuipingbugao。zhuyaobiaoxianweiputongxuexiaoziyuanjiaoshishuliangbuzu、jiaoyujiaoxuezhuanyeshuipingjixutigao,gebiedifangsuibanjiudugongzuoxingshidayuneirong。

极速快三  jiaqiangsuibanjiudushizhongyangdemingqueyaoqiu,duishixianteshujiaoyugongpingeryouzhiliangfazhan,cujincanjiertongshaoniangenghaorongrushehuishenghuojuyouzhongyaoyiyi。yishiluoshizhongyangbushuyaoqiudezhongyaojucuo。dangde“shijiuda”yaoqiu“banhaoteshujiaoyu”,shijiujiesizhongquanhuiyaoqiu“jianquanteshujiaoyudebaozhangjizhi”。zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanbanbude《zhongguojiaoyuxiandaihua2035》、guowuyuanxiudingtongguode《canjirenjiaoyutiaoli》dengzhengcefaguidouduijiaqiangsuibanjiudutichumingqueyaoqiu。ershibaozhangcanjiertongshaonianjiaoyuquanlidezhongyaotujing。suibanjiudushicanjiertongshaonianjieshouyiwujiaoyudezhongyaotujing,jiaqiangsuibanjiudugongzuo,qianghuateshuguanai,kuodaxueweiziyuan,wanshantizhijizhi,duiyushixiancanjiertongshaonianpingdengjiaoyuquanlijuyouzhongyaoyiyi。sanshitishengteshujiaoyuzongtishuipingdeneizaiyaoqiu。teshujiaoyuzaijibenshixianpujizhihou,jiangquanmianzhuanxiangtigaoguanlishuipingheyurenzhiliang。jiaqiangsuibanjiudugongzuo,tishengsuibanjiuduzhiliangjiangjinyibutixianzunzhongchayi、yincaishijiaodejiaoyujingshen,cujinteshujiaoyuzhiliangjinyibutisheng。

  yinci,youbiyaojinkuaichutai《zhidaoyijian》,jianchirenminlichang,jianchiwentidaoxiang,jinyibuwanshansuibanjiudugongzuojizhi,zhidaogedigaigechuangxin,zhelipojiexianzhisuibanjiudufazhandezhangai,nulirangmeiyimingshilingcanjiertongshaoniandounengpingdengjieshougongpingeryouzhiliangdejiaoyu。

  二、研制《指导意见》经历了哪些过程? 

极速快三  da: yishiguangfandiaoyan。jisukuaisan31gesheng(qu、shi)duidierqiteshujiaoyutishengjihuashishiqingkuangtebieshisuibanjiuduqingkuangjinxingzicha,jisukuaisandiaoyanzuxianhoufudongzhongxi18gesheng(qu、shi)diaoyan,guangfantingqugefangyijianjianyi。ershixitonglunzheng。jisukuaisanzhuanjiaduixianxingxiangguanfalvfaguizhengceheguojironghejiaoyufazhanqingkuangzuolexitongshulifenxi,duijiaqiangsuibanjiudugongzuo、wanshanxiangguangongzuojizhidezhuyaojucuozuoleyanjiulunzheng。sanshijiejianjingyan。chongfenyanjiubeijing、shanghai、jiangsu、zhejiang、sichuandengdidejingyanzuofa,zuodaojutigaigechuangxindouyoushijianjichu。sishizhengqiuyijian。wenjianchenggaohou,zhengqiule31gesheng(qu、shi)hexinjiangbingtuanjiaoyuxingzhengbumen,zhongguocanliandengyouguanbumendeyijian,bingjinxinglexiugaiwanshan。

  三、《指导意见》提出的加强随班就读工作的总体思路是什么? 

极速快三  da: jiaqiangsuibanjiudugongzuobixujianchiyijisukuaisanxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshilideshurengenbenrenwu,hongyangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,qianghuayifazhijiaolinian,gengjiazhongshiguanaicanjixuesheng,jianchikexuepinggu、yingsuijinsui,jianchizunzhongchayi、yincaishijiao,jianchiputeronghe、tishengzhiliang,shixianteshujiaoyugongpingeryouzhiliangfazhan,cujincanjiertongshaoniangenghaorongrushehuishenghuo。

  四、《指导意见》在评估认定和就学安置方面提出了哪些要求? 

  da: yifangmian,zaipinggurendingfangmian,《zhidaoyijian》tichujianquankexuepinggurendingjizhi,zhongdianjiejueduicanjiertongshaonianpinggurendingbukexuedewenti,yaoqiufahuicanjirenjiaoyuzhuanjiaweiyuanhuipinggurendingzuoyong,yongkexuedejizhiquedingcanjiertongshaonianshifoushiyisuibanjiudu,bingzuohaoshilingcanjixueshengdemodipaicha,jianlianzhigongzuotaizhang,jianshaoxianshizhongcunzaidejiaxiaozhengyi。lingyifangmian,zaijiuxueanzhifangmian,《zhidaoyijian》tichujianquanjiujinjiubiananzhizhidu,zhongdianjiejuecanjiertongshaonianjiaoyuanzhibudaoweiwenti,yaoqiujiaqiangmouhua、helibuju,tongchouxuexiaozhaoshengjihua,tongdengtiaojianxiajiujinjiubianyouxiananpaicanjiertongshaonianruxue;tongshi,liyongzhongxiaoxueshengxuejiguanlixinxixitongjiaqiangjiance,duichucianzhihouqueshibushiyingdecanjiertongshaonianjinxingzaipinggu,genjucanjirenjiaoyuzhuanjiaweiyuanhuideyijianshidangdiaozhengjiaoyufangshi,qieshibaozhangjubeixuexinenglideshilingcanjiertongshaonianbushixuechuoxue。

  五、《指导意见》对解决随班就读资源保障条件不完善的问题提出了哪些举措? 

  da: ziyuantiaojianduitigaocanjixueshengsuibanjiuduzhiliangjuyouzhongyaodezhuanyezhichengzuoyong。weijiejuesuibanjiuduziyuanbuzu、zhichitixihaibuwanbeidewenti,《zhidaoyijian》mingquetichuwanshansuibanjiuduziyuanzhichitixi。yifangmian,qianghuaziyuanjiaoshiheziyuanzhongxinjianshe,yaoqiuxianjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenzaijieshou5renyishangcanjixueshengdeputongxuexiaosheliziyuanjiaoshi,jiakuaijianshebingshixiansheng、shi、xian、teshujiaoyuziyuanzhongxinquanfugai,genjuxueshengcanjileibiepeibeibiyaodejiaoyujiaoxue、kangfuxunliansheshishebeiheziyuanjiaoshi、xunhuizhidaojiaoshidengzhuanyerenyuan;lingyifangmian,qianghuafahuiziyuanjiaoshiheziyuanzhongxinzuoyong,duiquyuneiputongxuexiaojisukuaisansuibanjiudutigongzhuanyezhidaohefuwu。

  六、《指导意见》对解决随班就读教育教学过程针对性不强、教育教学质量偏低等问题提出了哪些政策举措? 

极速快三  da: 《zhidaoyijian》zhuyaocongsigefangmianjiaqianghegaijinxiangguangongzuo。yishizhuzhongkechengjiaoxuediaoshi,zunxuncanjixueshengdeshenxintedianhexuexiguilv,helidiaozhengkechengjiaoxueneirong,kexuezhuanhuajiaoxuefangshi,buduantigaoduisuibanjiuducanjixueshengjiaoyudeshiyixingheyouxiaoxing。ershizhuzhongpeiyangshenghuolaodongnengli,jiyaozhongshicanjixueshengxuexibiyaodewenhuazhishi,gengyaoguanzhukaifaqianneng、buchangquexian,tebieshiyaojiaqianggonggonganquanjiaoyu、shenghuoshiyingjiaoyu、laodongjinengjiaoyu、xinlijiankangjiaoyu、tiyuyishujiaoyu。sanshizhuzhongwanshancanjixueshengpingjiazhidu,jianlibingwanshanfuhesuibanjiuducanjixueshengshijidezonghesuzhipingjiabanfahesuibanjiuducanjixueshengcanjiazhongkaozhidu。sishizhuzhongjiaqiangxiaoyuanwenhuajianshe,zuidaxianduchuangshecujincanjixueshengyuputongxueshengxianghuronghedexiaoyuanhuanjing,yanjinrenhejiyucanjidejiaoyuqishi,jiadaguanaibangfulidu,jianlitongbanhuzhuzhidu。

  七、《指导意见》对加强随班就读教师队伍建设提出了哪些要求? 

  da: weijiejuesuibanjiudujiaoshishuliangbuzu、daiyubaozhangbudaowei、zhuanyeshuipingbugaodengwenti,《zhidaoyijian》tichusangefangmiandeyaoqiu。yishiqiangdiaopeiqishizililiang,jiadajiaoshipeibeilidu,baochirenyuanxiangduiwending,manzujibenxuyao。gulitongguozhengfugoumaifuwu,tansuoyinrushegong、kangfushidengbuchongjizhi。ershiqiangdiaozhuahaopeixunpeiyang,yituo“guopeijihua”hedifangjiaoshipeixunxiangmudalijisukuaisanjiaoshipeixun,luoshiputongshifanyuanxiaohezonghexingyuanxiaodeshifanzhuanyepubiankaisheteshujiaoyukechengdeyaoqiu,jiaqiangsuibanjiudujiaoyangongzuo,tishengsuibanjiudujiaoshizhuanyeshuiping。sanshiqiangdiaowanshanjilijizhi,kexuequanmianpingjiasuibanjiudujiaoyujiaoxuenengliheshiji,zaijiaoshizigedingqizhuce、zhichengpingshen、gangweipinyong、pingyoupingxianhejixiaojianglidenggongzuozhong,duizhijiechengdancanjixueshengjiaoyujiaoxuegongzuodejiaoshijiyushidangqingxie;tongshi,luoshiteshujiaoyuziyuanjiaoshidegangweibuzhujintie。

  八、《指导意见》对抓好随班就读落实工作方面,提出了哪些举措? 

  da: 《zhidaoyijian》tichusanfangmiandeluoshiyaoqiu。yishijiaqiangbumenxiezuo,gejijiaoyubumenyaomiqieyufazhangaige、minzheng、caizheng、renliziyuanshehuibaozhang、weishengjiankang、canliandengbumendepeihe,jianlijianquantuijinsuibanjiudugongzuodezhangxiaojizhi。ershijiadatuijinlidu,jiangsuibanjiudunarudangdipujiyiwujiaoyudezhengtigongzuozhong,tongchoumouhuayitituijin,zuebofushengjungongyongjingfei,jiaqiangdudaopingjia。sanshiqianghuajiaxiaogongyu,xingchengjiating、xuexiao、shequjiaoyudeheli,gongtongweicanjixueshengchengzhangchuangzaolianghaodejiaoyuhuanjing。

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