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把新时代大中小学劳动教育落到实处——教育部教材局负责人就《大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)》答记者问

发布时间: 2020-07-17 来源:极速快三_官网

   在《中共中央 国务院极速快三全面加强新时代大中小学劳动教育的意见》(以下简称《意见》)印发后不久,教育部印发了《大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)》(以下简称《指导纲要》)。记者就《指导纲要》有关问题采访了教育部教材局负责人。

  1.中共中央、国务院的《意见》已于今年3月下旬印发,为什么教育部还要出台《指导纲要》? 

  da: laodongjiaoyushixinshiqidangduijiaoyudexinyaoqiu,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyuzhidudezhongyaoneirong,yiyizhongda。《yijian》mianxiangquanshehui,quanmianbushulaodongjiaoyugongzuo。《zhidaogangyao》shi《yijian》depeitaowenjian,zhuyaomianxiangjiaoyuxitongneibu,yiju《yijian》,xihuayouguanyaoqiu,zhongdianjiejuelaodongjiaoyushishenme、jiaoshenme、zenmejiaodengwenti。laodongjiaoyuyouzijidetedianheguilv,zhuanyexingbijiaoqiang。tigaolaodongjiaoyuzhiliangheshuiping,bixujiaqiangzhuanyezhidao。

  2.社会上对什么是劳动教育有不同理解,《指导纲要》是怎么规定的? 

  da: dangqianhushilaodongdexianxiangzhuyaobiaoxianweiqingshitililaodong,youqishikanbuqiputonglaodongzhe。《zhidaogangyao》zhongshen《yijian》tichude“yitililaodongweizhu,zhuyishounaobingyong”yaoqiu,bingjinyibuchanminglelaodongjiaoyudeneihanhetezheng,zhichu“laodongjiaoyushifahuilaodongdeyurengongneng,duixueshengjinxingreailaodong、reailaodongrenmindejiaoyuhuodong”,tajuyousangejibentezheng: yishixianmingdesixiangxing,qiangdiaolaodongzheshiguojiadezhuren,yiqielaodonghelaodongzhedouyinggaidedaogulihezunzhong,fanduiyiqiebulaoerhuo、chongshangbaofu、tantuxiangledecuowusixiang;ershituchudeshehuixing,yaoqiuyindaoxueshengzouxiangshehui,renshishehui,qianghuazerendandangyishi,tihuishehuizhuyishehuipingdeng、hexiedexinxinglaodongguanxi;sanshixianzhudeshijianxing,yidongshoushijianweizhuyaofangshi,yindaoxueshengzairenshishijiedejichushang,xuehuijiansheshijie,suzaoziji,shixianshude、zengzhi、qiangti、yumeidemude。

  3.劳动教育应该教什么?有哪些教育要求?《指导纲要》对此是如何规定的? 

极速快三  da: yiju《yijian》,《zhidaogangyao》congyixiajigefangmianduilaodongjiaoyudemubiaoneirongzuolexihuahejutihua: yishimingquelaodongjiaoyumubiaokuangjia,jutibaokuoshulizhengquedelaodongguannian、juyoubibeidelaodongnengli、peiyujijidelaodongjingshen、yangchenglianghaodelaodongxiguanhepinzhisigefangmian;ershimingquesanleilaodongjiaoyu(richangshenghuolaodongjiaoyu、shengchanlaodongjiaoyu、fuwuxinglaodongjiaoyu)deyurenjiazhidingwei;sanshimingquexiaoxue、chuzhong、putonggaozhong、zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaolaodongjiaoyuzhuyaoneironghesanleilaodongjiaoyudejutiyaoqiu。gedihexuexiaokeyiyijuyishangsangefangmiandeyaoqiu,jieheshijizhidinggengweijutidelaodongjiaoyuqingdan,qieshijiejuelaodongjiaoyujiaoshenmedewenti。

  4.提高劳动教育的质量水平,必须解决怎么教的问题。《指导纲要》是如何加强指导的? 

  da: dangqianxuexiaozhongyoujiaoyuwulaodongheyoulaodongwujiaoyudewentitongshicunzai。《zhidaogangyao》congdulikaishelaodongjiaoyubixiuke、zaixuekezhuanyezhongyoujishentoulaodongjiaoyu、zaikewaixiaowaihuodonganpailaodongshijian、zaixiaoyuanwenhuajianshezhongqianghualaodongwenhuasigefangmianmingquelaodongjiaoyudetujing,tebieshiduilaodongjiaoyubixiuke、kewaixiaowailaodongshijianshijian、meixuenianyicidelaodongzhoutichulejutiyaoqiu,jianglaodongjiaoyunarurencaipeiyangquanguocheng,qieshijiejueyoujiaoyuwulaodongdewenti。tongshi,laodongjiaoyubushijiandanrangxueshengsaodi、zuojiawu,《zhidaogangyao》weiraojiangjieshuoming、cuiliancaozuo、xiangmushijian、fansijiaoliu、bangyangshifandengguanjianhuanjie,jiaqiangduilaodongjiaoyufangshifangfadejutizhidao,yaoqiutongguojisukuaisanxueshengcanjialaodongshijian,duixueshengjinxingreailaodong、reailaodongrenmindejiaoyu,qieshijiejueyoulaodongwujiaoyudewenti。

  5.评价也是大家普遍关心的问题,《指导纲要》如何细化有关要求? 

  da: 《zhidaogangyao》zaipingjiagaigefangmiantuchuqiangdiaosandian: yishiyijulaodongjiaoyumubiao,zhidinglaodongsuyangpingjiabiaozhun,zhuzhongduixueshenglaodongsuyangxingchenghefazhanqingkuangdecepingfenxi;ershijiangpingshibiaoxianpingjia、xueduanzonghepingjiahexueshenglaodongsuyangjiancequbiekailai,fenbietichuxiangyingyaoqiu;sanshiliyongdashuju、yunpingtai、wulianwangdengxiandaixinxijishu,gaijinpingjiafangshishouduan。

  6.职业院校本来就是学劳动技术,为什么也要加强劳动教育呢?《指导纲要》对职业院校劳动教育有什么具体要求? 

  da: henduolaodonglibukaijishuhegongju,xiandailaodonggongju、shebeijishuhanlianggao,laodongjiaoyubixujiaqiangjishuxuexizhidao,danshijinyoujishuxuexihaibushiwanzhengdelaodongjiaoyu。laodongjiaoyuyaoyijishuweizhongyaozaiti,peiyangxueshengdelaodongqinggan、laodongnenglihelaodongpinzhi,zailaodongsuyangdepeiyushangxiagongfu。

  《zhidaogangyao》mingquetichuzhiyeyuanxiaolaodongjiaoyudezhongdianshijiehezhuanyetedian,zengqiangxueshengzhiyerongyuganhezerengan,tigaozhiyelaodongjinengshuiping,peiyujijixiangshangdelaodongjingshenherenzhenfuzedelaodongtaidu;guidingzhiyeyuanxiaokaishelaodongzhuantijiaoyubixiuke,bushaoyu16xueshi,zhuyaoweiraolaodongjingshen、laomojingshen、gongjiangjingshen、laodongjisukuaisan、laodonganquanhelaodongfaguidengfangmiansheji;tongshijianglaodongjiaoyuquanmianrongrugonggongjichukehezhuanyekezhizhong,zhuzhongpeiyangxueshengdejingyejingshen,chikunailao、tuanjiehezuo、yanjinxizhidegongzuotaidu;haiyaoqiuzhiyeyuanxiaozhudongkaifangshixunshixichangsuo、sheshishebei,weiputongzhongxiaoxueheputonggaoxiaotigongsuoxuyaodefuwu。

  7.《指导纲要》在普通高等学校劳动教育方面有什么规定? 

  da: jieheputonggaodengxuexiaodeshijiqingkuang,《zhidaogangyao》qiangdiaolesangefangmianyaoqiu: yishimingquezhongdian,qianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu,zhuzhongweiraochuangxinchuangye,jiehexuekezhuanyejisukuaisanshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,jileizhiyejingyan,peiyuchuangzaoxinglaodongnenglihechengshishouxindehefalaodongyishi;ershiguidingzaiti,yaoqiumingquezhuyaoyituodekecheng,qizhongbenkejieduanlaodongjiaoyubixiukebushaoyu32xueshi,mingquexueshengrichangshenghuozhongdelaodongshixiangheshijian,jisukuaisanjisukuaisanlaodongzhouhuolaodongyue;sanshiqianghuafuwu,jiaqianglaodongjiaoyushizipeiyang,youtiaojiandeyuanxiaokaishelaodongjiaoyuxiangguanzhuanye。

  8.中小学校面广量大,涉及千家万户。《指导纲要》在中小学劳动教育方面,着重强调了什么? 

极速快三  da: yuzhiyeyuanxiao、gaodengxuexiaoxiangbijiao,zhongxiaoxueyouzijidetedian。《zhidaogangyao》zaijiaqiangzhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyufangmianzhezhongqiangdiaolewudian: yishidahaojichu。zailaodongguannian、laodongnengli、laodongxiguanpinzhidengfangmianquanmiandahaojichu,zhuzhongrichangshenghuolaodongxiguandeyangcheng,zaishengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongfangmian,yishiyongchuantonggongju、chuantonggongyidelaodongweizhu,yindaoxueshengtihuilaodongrenmindejianxinhezhihui,chuanchengzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua。ershianquanshidu。yaogenjuxueshengnianlingtedianyouxuanpailaodongjiaoyuneirongyaoqiu,zaichangsuosheshixuanze、cailiaoxuanyong、gongjushebeihefanghuyongpinshiyong、huodongliuchengdengfangmianzhidinganquan、kexuecaozuoguifan,jiaqianglaodonganquanjiaoyu。sanshikaiqikecheng。shanghaomeizhouyijielaodongjiaoyubixiuke,tongshianpaibiyaodekewailaodongshijianhelaodongzhouhuodong。sishijiangjiufangfa。zhuzhongjifaxueshengcanyulaodongshijiandezhudongxing、jijixinghechuangzaoxing。wushijiaxiaohezuo。jianliyixuexiaoweizhudao、jiatingweijichu、shequweiyituodexietongshishijizhi,tebieshitongguojiazhanghui、jiazhangxuexiaodengtujing,yindaojiazhangshulizhengquedelaodongguan,mingquejiazhangdelaodongjiaoyuzeren,rangjiazhangzhudongzhidaoheducuhaiziwanchengjiating、shequlaodongrenwu。

  9.《指导纲要》真正落地,离不开切实的资源支持和条件保障。对此,教育部有什么要求? 

  da: laodongjiaoyuyiyizhongda,gedihexuexiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyubaizaituchuweizhishang,qieshiyuyijiaqiang。

  yishijiaqiangjisukuaisanguanli。gedihexuexiaoyaomingqueshishijigouherenyuan,jutifuzelaodongjiaoyudeguihuasheji、jisukuaisanxiediao、ziyuanzhenghe、shizipeixun、guochengguanli、zongjiepingjiadeng。

极速快三  ershijiaqiangzhichibaozhang。gedihexuexiaoyaoduilaodongjiaoyusuoxuyaodeshizi、changdisheshi、jingfeitourudeng,jinxingheliguihuahetongchouanpai,weilaodongjiaoyudeshishichuangzaobiyaotiaojian。jianlijianquanjiatingxuexiaoshehuixietongshishi、shishenganquanbaozhang、laodongjiaoyududaohekaohejilidengjizhi,diaodonggefangmiandejijixing。

  sanshijiaqiangzhuanyeyanjiuhezhidao。shelilaodongjiaoyuyanjiuxiangmu,jisukuaisanzhuanxiangyanjiuheshijiantansuo。jisukuaisanjisukuaisanlaodongjiaoyujiaoyanhuodong,jisukuaisanlaodongjiaoyukechengziyuanyanfa,cujinyouzhiziyuandegongxiangyushiyong,buduantigaolaodongjiaoyudezhiliangheshuiping。

  kaolvdaogedichayibijiaoda,gejigeleijiaoyuyebuyiyang,《zhidaogangyao》youyigezaishijianjianyanzhongzhubuwanshandeguocheng。yinci,cici《zhidaogangyao》xianyi“shixing”defangshibanbushishi。xiwanggedihexuexiaozaishixingqijian,chuangzaogengduogenghaodejingyan,bangzhuwomenxiudingwanshan。

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